The future of the Archaeology in Pompeii is the “musealità diffusa”, which is a kind of museum that aggregates different places and complementary functions and could be literally translated as “widespread museum” or better “network-museum”.
Actually, the wonderful domus and the impressive Pompeian buildings will be more and more enriched with furnishing pieces (which may be authentic or perfectly replicated), showing simply and directly which was the real function of the surroundings in 79 AD. The aim is to make the visitors realize how daily life was in the ancient city. The project already started last April with the reconstruction of some rooms (i.e. the triclinium and the bedroom) in the luxurious Villa Imperiale and the reintroduction of Egyptian cults in the Temple of Isis.
A further step of the project started last August with the new arrangement of the Fullonica of Stephanus and the co-location of organic finds in the Palestra Grande (Large Gymnasium). In the Fullonica, which used to be a laundry, the kitchen has been replicated. Actually, objects found in situ, such as bronze pans, pots and jugs, lids and little food containers in terracotta let the tourists observe the way of cooking in ancient Pompeii.
Moreover, the Palestra Grande gets enriched with a new section of organic and naturalistic finds. This exposition of carbonized materials (bread, seeds, dried fruits, cereals, pomegranates), found in the Vesuvian area after the eruption, enabled us to realize how the ancients made use of vegetables, in particular in the field of nutrition.
Pompeii wants to become more famous and efficient not only through this new kind of concept of museum, but also introducing some news about its brand. Starting last Christmas a new brand has been created: the written "Pompeii" with the "o" in orange on which the four cardinal points are highlighted with embroidery inspired by the wall decorations of the Roman city.
In addition to the reform of the graphic and the communication, Pompeii also had a model plastic of the city, which is the heart of the arrangement of the Antiquarium where visitors - says the superintendent of the city - through the use of multimedia technologies, will better understand the settlement, the various functional and representative urban connections in the city and, more generally, the sense of the urban planning and the complicated history of the city.
Moreover, there has been testing on the use of some single-use identification wristbands, like those used in nightclubs, to allow the entry and the temporary exit from the archaeological site, in the day of the ticket validity. The system allows people to get away from the archaeological area and return the same day to continue the visit to the site without having to purchase an additional ticket. Based on a consolidated RFID (radio-frequency identification) that limits the attempts of fraud, forgery and the possibility of exchanges in person or use on different days, for now the bracelet can be requested only for the access to the gate of the Amphitheater square, and it will only be used in this area.
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Twenty-eight decorative statues have been reproduced accurately, including all the original details, and placed in the gardens of the villas of Pompeii where once they stood as decorative elements. This has been possible thanks to 3D printing and to the DeltaWASP 40 70 printer, owned by the archaeological site thanks to the collaboration between WASP and the Superintendence for Archaeological Heritage of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabia.
Initially, the printer was used to reproduce the casts of the bodies of dead people in the eruption of Vesuvius, because of the frequent requests coming from abroad. They were recently exhibited in Canada in the exhibition "Pompeii in the shadow of the volcano", which ended in January and had a great success because of a high amount of visitors.
The reproduction of the decorative statues
This second operation, aimed at the reproduction of works of art, highlights the innovative and decisive role of 3D printing in the restoration of the artistic and cultural heritage. "Typically, the original works cannot remain outside, outdoors, because of the acid rain and all the other elements that can deteriorate them disastrously - explains Giancarlo Napoli, technical director of Atramentum, a company that took care of 'operation - The original pieces of twenty-eight statues that adorned the gardens of the houses of Octavio Quartio and Marcus Lucretius are now exposed in Turin, but thanks to playback 3D printing they are also visible in their place of origin".
3D printing: precision and high-definition
Although the material is different, it is not at all easy to realize that they are copies. "No visitor notices it," says Napoli. "Over the restorations - explains the technical director - it is preferable to use different materials rather than imitate the original material: in the 19th Century people always used marble for restorations, with the result that, after many years, it is no longer possible to distinguish the original authentic parts from the restored ones. In addition to it, polyvinyl plastics and resins allow high-definition reproductions, respecting also the smallest details. To take another example, these days we have reproduced a skull coming from a skeleton of the Sunni period. It was pierced due to a sort of surgery, as they used to do at that time, to which this warrior had survived: the result is very satisfactory, a very nice job. "
Overcoming the law about the copies of works of art
In addition, 3D printing made solved one of the major obstacles arose with the introduction of a new ministerial regulation which forbids to make copies with silicone rubber, from which you get a negative that can be filled with the chosen material. "A system that without any doubt gives the opportunity to make identical copies - explains Napoli - but with a high risk of tarnishing the pieces of art due to contact with the rubber silicone. This can happen when they come off the rubber, and for this reason it has been rightly banned. Currently, the 3D print is the only possible alternative ".
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In Pompeii the works of the project "Pompeii for everybody - accessibility routes and the elimination of architectural barriers" are proceeding. Once completed, anyone (also the physically disabled and the parents with strollers) will be able to visit in an easy manner and without crossing barrier the archaeological site of Pompeii from the entrance of Porta Marina to the Amphitheatre Square, strolling along the main street of the excavations, the street of the Abundance, with access to various houses and significant buildings of the site.
The trail, created as part of the Great Pompeii Project, finally responds to the demands, so often stressed by a large proportion of users, about easy access to the archaeological site of Pompeii able to put everyone in a position to benefit from this unique world heritage site as fully as possible and not limiting the visit to the sunny areas near the entrances.
A pool of experts (engineers, architects, archaeologists) appropriately identified the most suitable technical solutions for the safety of the areas involved and therefore in the creation of such routes, considering the best environmental impact compatible with the site. The integration activities in some parts are based on the functional requirements of use in full compliance with the principles of restoration and intervention in archaeological areas. Modern materials (mixture of hydraulic concrete free from cements) reversible and removable at any time, have been used in areas with pavement distress and thus such as to create conditions of safety for visitors.
In compliance with these criteria, the expertise of the interventions, the competence of the technicians and all the necessary approvals to the transactions are the best guarantee to any intervention on cultural heritage and even more archaeological, which in such projects, especially in Pompeii, may easily be the object of attention and often unwise judgments by those who observe from outside a specific context.
At present the concerned areas are covering:
1. The traits of the Region I among the insulae 21 and 22, where visitors can see the implementation of the new pavement, instead of only one made in the past decades, uneven in many places.
2. Some stretches of sidewalk along the Via delle Terme (Region VI) and the Insula Occidentalis.
Also being installed is a more significant ramp of access to many buildings of the site along the way which are completely removable. By the end of September the female section of the Stabian Baths will be reopened, in which, as a result the removal of the existing metal walkway and before the installation of a new fully accessible, conservation work on the pavements were made.
As of September a preservation project of 12 public fountains will also be launched, according to a methodological approach defined in consultation with the Opificio delle Pietre Dure of Florence, which concluded in July a delicate and interesting phase of analysis of these artifacts, giving indications about the most careful intervention techniques to be implemented.
Everybody has heard at least one time in their life about the big eruption that happened in the Campania region 2.000 years ago. On the afternoon of Aug. 24, A.D. 79, Mt. Vesuvius blew its top and swallowed two thriving Roman communities. Today, designated UNESCO World Heritage sites, both Pompeii and Herculaneum have been partially excavated to provide superb insights into Roman life as it was 2,000 years ago.
In Pompeii there still are some parts of the ruins that need to be excavated to give us back other details about how the Roman city was before the eruption of Mont Vesuvius. And in fact, regarding this, works are always in progress in the most famous buried city of the Vesuvian area. Recent excavations on the outskirts of Pompeii have revealed more victims of the volcanic eruption that buried the ancient city in ash nearly 2,000 years ago.
Archaeologists have discovered the remains of some people, including one teenage girl, in the ruins of a shop, according to a statement from the Soprintendenza Pompei, the Italian authority in charge of managing the ancient site. The group of people seem like they tried to take shelter in the backroom of the shop when Mount Vesuvius unleashed its deadly eruption.
Images from the excavation show a jumbled mass of bones emerging from a trench. The skeletons appear to have been disturbed by looters who went digging through the ash in search of valuables some time after the volcanic eruption, according to the archaeologists' announcement. A furnace discovered in the shop has led the excavators to speculate that the building was a bronze workshop.
The discovery adds to the hundreds of bodies, or at least body imprints, that have been found at Pompeii since the 19th century. Many of these victims were found in a gnarled death pose, as most are believed to have died suddenly when Vesuvius sent superheated, ash-laced volcanic gases through the city. The debris that rained down on the once-bustling Roman city essentially froze it in time, preserving not only victims' bodies, but also graffiti, wall paintings and even bits of food.
These newly discovered skeletons were found near the necropolis outside of the Porta Ercolano, or Herculaneum Gate, which was on the outskirts of Pompeii and opened onto a road to Herculaneum, another smaller city that was buried in the same eruption.
A team of archaeologists has been excavating the site since May to try to learn more about this commercial sector outside the walls of Pompeii. So far, the researchers have excavated another workshop; they don't yet know what this shop was used for, but there is a spiral staircase at the center of the room that seems to lead to the bottom of a well.
If you are passionate in history and archeology you can’t really miss a visit in this spectacular old Roman city. And the best way to discover how Pompeii looked like before the eruption is one of our new 3D virtual reality tour. So, don’t waste your time! Let’s plan a visit to Pompeii and join our tour. We wait for you as soon as possible!
WineNews.it, a portal of news about wine, started its trip of the strangest places where people can find vineyards. The first stop has been the vineyards of Pompeii, located on an area of one of the most famous excavations in the world, which was created in 1994 thanks to the University of Naples and the wine company Mastroberardino. During the Roman times, wine produced in Pompeii was very popular. Visitors can see most of them near the Amphitheatre entrance.
There are also vineyards in Venice: from the island of St. Erasmus, who has always been considered the garden of Venice, passing by the island of San Michele, home to the cemetery of Venice, there are many vineyards and wine is produced within the borders of the city. There is also a vineyard inside the cloister at the Convent of the Spinsters on the Giudecca Island. Even in the heart of Venice we can find vineyards, like the Court Sconta and Vigna della Tana, near the Biennale.
Also in Siena, a medieval city that can almost completely keep the same structure during the centuries, including the "gardens" within the walls, there is an ongoing project to recover vineyards.
In Rome, just above the Spanish Steps, there is a vineyard in the gardens of the French Convent of the Sacred Heart, regularly brought up and cared by the students of the Emilio Sereni’s wine school.
In Paris, beyond the historic and world-famous areas, there is a very special case. In the French capital there is the vineyard of Montmartre, surrounded by beautiful houses and with buses that pass nearby, where, since 1933, is produced the "Clos Montmartre."
In the US, there is something extremely charming. In Los Angeles, just a stone's throw from the popular area of Bel Air, people can find the vineyard of the Tenuta Moraga, which is, among other things, one of the oldest in the United States, being the first to be built after the end of prohibition.
Where people could not imagine to find a vineyard as they usually think of is a rooftop: the millennials in New York have created the first commercial vineyard on Brooklyn rooftops, with views of the Empire State Building.
In the Hawaii Islands, altitude and volcanic soil help to grow some productive vineyards from which since 1986 gets its wines Lynn "Doc" McKinney.
Father Ottavio Fasano, an Italian missionary, lived for 50 years in Cape Verde’s Isla do Fogo, where, in 2013, the first bottles of "Maria Chaves", a wine produced on 23 hectares of vineyards, came out of the Monte Barro cellar.
Perhaps it is the best-known example, but it is always very impressive. In the island of Lanzarote, in the Canary Islands, there is a wine tradition that starts from the eighteenth century, and it also produces excellent wines. The vines are grown inside a sort of "submerged pit" (about three meters deep and five meters wide), which makes unique the landscape of the island.
Even in Tahiti, in French Polynesia, namely the island of Rangiroa there are 8 hectares of vineyard located right on the beach, in front of the tropical sea, which produces 40,000 bottles of white wine and rosé.
Finally, there will also be vineyards in the Dominican Republic, in the Caribbean, with the "Ocoa Bay" project.
Staff at Flashback Journey to Pompeii. Our goal is to bring you up-to-date information on events, continuing archeological excavations and more on Pompeii.