Preserved in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples are the individual islets and homes, as they appeared at the time of realization of the cork model of the excavations, created between 1861 and the 1929. This experience is now possible thanks to the 3D model produced by the Institute for Cultural and monumental heritage of the CNR.
"It is a powerful study tool - explains Daniele Malfitana, director of IBAM-Cnr - but also of disclosure. Produced through an original methodology of "macro-aerophotogrammetry" by the specialists of the Laboratory of Archaeology and immersive multimedia IBAM, the plastic 3D trip also returns the image of contexts no longer visible today, for the loss of decorative walls and equipment".
The project results is presented today, Monday, February 20th at the National Archaeological Museum of Naples by the Director Paolo Giulierini and the Director of IBAM-Cnr Daniele Malfitana.
The construction of the plastic in wood and cork in 1: 100 scale of Pompeii was initiated in 1861 and continued until 1879. It currently doesn’t cover the entire surface excavated and was implemented with other pieces until 1929. The process of digitization and 3D modeling has committed archaeologists (G. Amara) and specialists of multimedia techniques (S. Barone, G. Fragalà and D. Pavone) in an accurate photographic documentation campaign carried out on the field. Via a mobile cart built to perform the "photographic crawl" on the area of plastic and through an original methodology of "macro-aerophotogrammetry", specialists have been able to acquire the data set needed to transform into 3D of many structures and home, which from now on will be perfectly navigable. The plastic of Pompeii, as conservative reproduction of how the archaeological excavation was at the time, returns a reconstructive picture of now irrevocably lost contexts, of the wall decorations in advanced decay, of lost plasters and environments of which the plastic is sometimes the only witness. “Our study - says Malfitana - wants to give voice to this extraordinary witness and to the stories related to it, without neglecting the extraordinary social and popular value of the two models, the cork and the virtual ".
The CNR of Catania has worked since 2015 on a plastic clone of Pompeii, using the same three-dimensional scanning technique tested in Pompeii for the necropolis of Porta Nocera, where the Sicilian archaeologists are busy with the German team of the Pompeii Sustainable Preservation Project, the international project coordinated by the Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics in Stuttgart, the Institute of restoration of the University of Monaco of Bavaria, the Pompeii Superintendence and involves the participation, in addition to the IBAM-CNR, also of the University of Oxford , of the Ludwig-Maximilians University of Monaco of Bavaria, of the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut in Rome and the University of Pisa. “The prestigious collaboration with the Ibam-Cnr - says Giulierini - confirms the will of the museum to be opened to scientific collaborations of excellence in view of the strengthening of research and a more dynamic use of the museum heritage ".
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Staff at Flashback Journey to Pompeii. Our goal is to bring you up-to-date information on events, continuing archeological excavations and more on Pompeii.